Lawyer–Solicitor–Advocate–Barrister–Counselor–And-An-Attorney

By Carol McFadden

Have you ever wondered where all these somewhat confusing terms came from? Well the answer is they are all types of Lawyers originated from various legal systems. Some of the terms are from the English legal system, some are from Scotland and some from the American legal system.

An Attorney is somebody legally empowered to represent another person, or act on their behalf.

A Lawyer is somebody who can give legal advice and has been trained in the law.

Are Attorney and Lawyer are synonyms? Basically yes, but they are not necessarily Interchangeable terms, you cannot for instance say I give you the Power of a Lawyer, but you definitely might say I give you the power of Attorney…

Look again at the above definitions, does it now make any sense? Off course it does.

An attorney in fact is an agent who conducts business under authority that is controlled and limited by a written document called a letter, or power, of attorney granted by the principal. An attorney at law is an officer of a court of law authorized to represent the person employing him (the client) in legal proceedings.

A Solicitor- One that solicits, especially one that seeks trade or contributions. The chief law officer of a city, town, or government department but does not act as an advocate in court, as opposed to the Attorney who pleads in court. (English Law).

A Barrister(Called Advocate in Scotland) presents the case in court. Most senior and distinguished barristers are designated King’s (Queen’s) counsel.

A Counselor at law- In the past at least in some U.S states there was a distinction between the term A Counselor at Law who argued the case in court and an attorney who prepared the case but didnt argue it.

Nowadays an attorney at law is authorized to exercise all the functions of a practicing lawyer. All of them must, however, like the ordinary attorney, be admitted to the bar. The term attorney is also used for county, state, and federal prosecuting officers, as county attorney, district attorney, and attorney general.

Lawyers, also called attorneys, act as both advocates and advisors in our society. As advocates, they represent one of the parties in criminal and civil trials by presenting evidence and arguing in court to support their client. As advisors, lawyers counsel their clients concerning their legal rights and obligations and suggest particular courses of action in business and personal matters. Although all lawyers are licensed to represent parties in court, some appear in court more frequently than others. Trial lawyers, who specialize in trial work, must be able to think quickly and speak with ease and authority. In addition, familiarity with courtroom rules and strategy is particularly important in trial work. Still, trial lawyers spend the majority of their time outside the courtroom, conducting research, interviewing clients and witnesses, and handling other details in preparation for trial.

Lawyers types:

The legal system affects nearly every aspect of our society, from buying a home to crossing the street. Lawyers hold positions of great responsibility and are obligated to adhere to a strict code of ethics.

The more detailed aspects of a lawyers job depend upon his or her field of specialization and position. Although all lawyers are licensed to represent parties in court, some appear in court more frequently than others.

Lawyers may specialize in a number of different areas, such as bankruptcy, probate, international, or elder law. Those specializing in environmental law, for example, may represent public-interest groups, waste disposal companies, or construction firms in their dealings with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and other Federal and State agencies. These lawyers help clients prepare and file for licenses and applications for approval before certain activities may occur. In addition, they represent clients interests in administrative adjudications.

Some lawyers concentrate in the growing field of intellectual property, helping to protect clients claims to copyrights, artwork under contract, product designs, and computer programs. Still other lawyers advise insurance companies about the legality of insurance transactions, writing insurance policies to conform with the law and to protect companies from unwarranted claims.

Most lawyers are found in private practice, where they concentrate on criminal or civil law. In criminal law, lawyers represent individuals who have been charged with crimes and argue their cases in courts of law. Attorneys dealing with civil law assist clients with litigation, wills, trusts, contracts, mortgages, titles, and leases. Other lawyers handle only public-interest casescivil or criminalwhich may have an impact extending well beyond the individual client.

These issues might involve patents, government regulations, and contracts with other companies, property interests, or collective-bargaining agreements with unions.

Other lawyers work for legal-aid societiesprivate, nonprofit organizations established to serve disadvantaged people. These lawyers generally handle civil, rather than criminal, cases. A relatively small number of trained attorneys work in law schools.

The real life situations have created specialties according to business profitability. This is how terms like Vioxx Lawyer, DUI Lawyer, Lemon Law Lawyer , Structured Settlements Lawyer and others came about.

The Criminal Lawyer

By Carol McFadden

If you are accused of a crime then you must consult to a criminal defense lawyer. If you are caught under such situation then you are going to feel a high level of stress even if you havent committed it actually. In such scenario make sure that you are hiring the best criminal lawyer to represent you as he will play an integral role in your criminal case procedure. The right criminal lawyer will not only help you in reducing the time spend in case but also take legal action to get you rid of situation as soon as possible.

Some people decide to assist their criminal case by their own, though it seems to be a good idea of saving money but it is not advisable. Because court room experience is totally different as it seems to be and sometimes it becomes really difficult to answer prosecutors question. With so much on the line, taking your chances without an experienced and articulate criminal defense lawyer by your side is a losing bet. Only a lawyer with courtroom experience can help you in such situation. The caliber of an experienced criminal lawyer can make the difference between freedom and incarceration.

So now its pretty clear that how the role of an experienced lawyer can make the difference in your case. An experienced defense lawyer would examine the charges and situation you are facing and accordingly provide you the best legal assistance so that you can get rid of the drastic situation as soon as possible.

Now the next step is to find the criminal lawyer for your case. There are many lawyer available online nowadays you can choose one based on your requirements. You can also browse yellow pages and local directories where you can find the list of many lawyers.
Here are some important points to consider while choosing the right criminal lawyer:

Experience: As mentioned above experience specially court room experience is the most important point to consider while choosing the criminal lawyer. There are many lawyer listed in local directories who shows their several years of experience but even educated lawyer with a license to practice, usually differ in experience they have gained during their careers. So consider this point carefully before hiring the criminal lawyer.

Expertise: Choose the lawyer having experience in assisting same types of cases that you currently find yourself in. For example, if you are facing any criminal case, hire a lawyer who has assisted same type of criminal cases.

Passion and confidence: Remember, these are two important points that can make difference in your case. A passionate defense lawyer will strive hard to ensure fair trial and justice for you. Also check the confidence level of the lawyer .As lawyers with high confidence make good defense options.

Reputation: Do inquiry about the reputation of the lawyer. The best way to do this is to contact the Bar Association; they can tell you if they are in good standing, background, if grievances have been filed, etc .Mouth referral is also a good way to enquiry about the lawyer.
Always remember that only a lawyer with a long and successful carrier with criminal cases can deliver best results to you. If you take assistance of a skilled and legal expert, you will have the best chances of avoiding time in jail or being in trouble.

How to Hire a Lawyer

By Carol McFadden

If you have been injured and are thinking of hiring a personal injury lawyer there are a few things to keep in mind.

First of all, find a lawyer who specializes in your type of case and in the type of law your case falls under. You want a lawyer who specializes in personal injury law, not one who specializes in other areas of law such as criminal law, wills, estates, or divorce.

Talk to several lawyers before hiring one to handle your case. Most personal injury lawyers offer a free initial consultation to discuss your case. This consultation gives you the opportunity to ask the lawyer questions such as: how much experience he or she has; what the fees are; what he or she feels your chances of having a successful case are; who will be working on your case (it may be an associate rather than the person you have the initial consultation with); and how long he or she feels it will take for a resolution of your case.

The initial consultation is for the benefit of both you and the lawyer. While you are deciding whether or not you want to hire that particular attorney, the attorney is looking at the case and deciding if it is a case he or she wants to take on.

During the consultation ask each lawyer the same questions so you have the information to equitably compare each lawyer and decide who you can work with best. You want to work with someone you are comfortable talking to because you may have to discuss some very personal information with your lawyer; so take note of how comfortable or uncomfortable you are when you visit each lawyer.

Take all the information you have about your case with you for each initial consultation including photos but dont take your originals. Take copies. When you do sign a contract with a lawyer you may be asked to provide the originals, but copies should be fine for your initial consultations.

Before signing a contract with a lawyer, make sure you understand the contract. Personal injury lawyers almost always work on a contingency basis. This means the lawyer only gets paid if he or she wins your case. Instead of the fee being hourly, the fee is a certain percentage of your award, typically one-third. You would then receive the other two-thirds of the award. But if any fees such as filing fees, expert witness fees, etc. are paid out of your portion of the award the actual amount you receive could be significantly less than two-thirds. Make sure you understand whose responsibility the extra costs will be.

If an attorney declines to take on your case, dont be offended. Instead ask them for a recommendation of a lawyer they think may be able to help you with your case.

And keep in mind that using a small-claims court can be a viable option to using an attorney in certain personal injury cases, but it is still a good idea to consult with an attorney first to see if that is best course of action for you to take with your particular case.